Weekly outline

  • Module 1:Fundamental Knowledge and Practice Skills

    (6 weeks - 2 days/week - 2hrs/day)

  • Week 1: Pharmaceutical Care (2 days /2 hrs per day)

    Learning Objectives:

    1. This session aims to teach students the hereunder:
    2. How to gather and understand relevant clinical information
    3. How to communicate effectively with patients, and health professionals.
    4. The foundation level skills required to deliver a clinical pharmacy service, including:
      • Analysis of drug charts and clinical information.
      • Development of treatment plans .
      • Communication with patients and carers including explaining and listening skills and medication history taking.
      • Provide effective discharge planning.
    5. How to identify and access the clinical information that is relevant to individual patient.
    6. How to process clinical information to determine if a patient's treatment is optimal.
    7. How to plan and implement changes when drug treatment is not optimal.
  • Week 2/Week 3a: Pharmacokinetics & TDM (3 days/ 2hrs/day)

    Learning Objectives:

    1. Identify and provide examples using basic pharmacokinetic concepts commonly used in clinical practice, including elimination rate constant, volume of distribution, clearance, and bioavailability.
    2. Describe specific pharmacokinetic characteristics of commonly used therapeutic agents, including aminoglycosides, vancomycin, phenytoin, and digoxin, as well as pharmacokinetic alterations in patients with renal and hepatic disease.
    3. Define important issues as they pertain to drug concentration sampling and interpretation
  • Week 3b/ Week 4a: Evidence-based medicine (2 days/2hrs/day)

    Learning Objectives:

    This module is designed to provide the candidate with:

    1. How to find reliable evidence
    2. Grades of evidence
    3. How to analyze and critically evaluate research papers
    4. Putting evidence into practice
  • Week 4b/ Week 5: Clinical Trials, Critical Appraisal and Biostatistics (3 days/2hrs/day)

    4a. Clinical Trials Fundamentals of Design and Interpretation

    Learning Objectives:

    1. Define, compare, and contrast the concepts of internal and external validity, bias, and confounding in clinical study design.
    2. Identify potential sources of bias in clinical trials; select strategies to eliminate or control for bias.
    3. Outline the hierarchy of evidence generated by various study designs.
    4. Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of various study designs (e.g., prospective; retrospective; case-control; cohort; cross-sectional; randomized, controlled clinical trials; systematic review; meta-analysis).
    5. Select from various biostatistical tests to appropriately compare groups or their assessments from various study designs and use their findings/output to interpret results.
  • Week 4b/ Week 5: Clinical Trials, Critical Appraisal and Biostatistics (3 days/2hrs/day)

    4b. Critical Appraisal

    Learning Objectives:

    1. Define and evaluate odds, odds ratio, risk/incidence rate, risk ratio/relative risks, and other risk estimates. Compute and evaluate number needed to treat and number needed to harm.
    2. Appreciate the importance of systematic management of information
    3. Improve practical skills in appraising a particular sort of research evidence
    4. Improve skills in communicating research findings


    4c. Biostatistics

    Learning Objectives:

    1. Differences between descriptive and inferential statistics
    2. Identify different types of data (nominal, ordinal, continuous [ratio and interval]) to determine an appropriate type of statistical test (parametric vs nonparametric).
    3. Describe strengths and limitations of different types of measures of central tendency (mean, median mode) and data spread (standard deviation, standard error of the mean, range, interquartile range).
    4. Describe the concepts of normal distribution and the associated parameters that describe the distribution.
    5. Types of decision errors that can occur when using statistical tests and the conditions under which they can occur.
    6. Hypothesis testing and state the meaning of and distinguish between p-values and confidence intervals.
    7. Areas of misuse or misrepresentation associated with various statistical methods.
    8. Appropriate statistical tests selection based on the sample distribution, data type, and study design.
    9. Interpret statistical significance for results from commonly used statistical tests.
    10. Similarities and differences between correlation and regression; learn how to apply them appropriately
    11. Use of survival analysis and different ways to perform and report it.
  • Week 6: Clinical Laboratory Tests and Adverse Drug Reactions (Two days/ 2hrs/day)

    5a. Clinical Laboratory Tests

    Learning Objectives:

    This module is designed so the candidate will:

    1. Understand the different clinical laboratory testing
    2. The relevancy of the clinical laboratory testing to the patients drug treatment
    3. Explain why a particular test might be undertaken
    4. Interpret common laboratory test reports relating to drug therapy
    5. Advise on changes to drug treatment dependant on the results of common laboratory tests

    Topics include:

    • Hematology tests
    • Urea and electrolytes
    • Kidney function tests
    • Liver function tests
    • Thyroid function

    5b. Adverse Drug Reactions

    Learning Objectives:

    This module is designed so the candidate will:

    1. Be aware of the importance of adverse drug reactions in causing illness
    2. Understand the types of adverse drug reactions
    3. Understand some of the mechanisms of adverse drug reactions
    4. Understand the importance of reporting adverse drug